Pierre Colsenet Visual

The Paris Agreement is a historic international treaty that was adopted in 2015 to address global climate change. It sets out a goal of limiting global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a target of limiting the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement has been ratified by 189 countries, including the United States.

But who initiated the Paris Agreement? The answer is not as straightforward as you might think.

The roots of the Paris Agreement can be traced back to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which was adopted in 1992. The UNFCCC is a treaty that was created to address the issue of climate change, and it has been ratified by 197 countries.

The UNFCCC led to the creation of the Kyoto Protocol, which was adopted in 1997. The Kyoto Protocol was the first international treaty to set binding targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, it only applied to developed countries, and some major emitters, such as the United States, did not ratify it.

The Paris Agreement was the result of years of negotiations and diplomacy, but it was not initiated by any one country or individual. The agreement was adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the UNFCCC, which was held in Paris in December 2015. The COP21 was attended by representatives from 196 countries, as well as the European Union.

While no one country can claim credit for initiating the Paris Agreement, the role of France in hosting the COP21 and leading the negotiations cannot be overstated. French President François Hollande played a key role in bringing countries together to reach a consensus on the agreement, and the French government provided significant financial and logistical support for the conference.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement was not initiated by any one country or individual. It was the result of years of international negotiations and diplomacy, and it was adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in Paris in 2015. While France played a key role in the negotiations and hosting the conference, the agreement represents a global effort to address the urgent issue of climate change.

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